As mobile phones varies in size, ability and features. Generally the common screen size ranges are from 128 x 160 to 320 x 480 and other screen sizes commonly ranges from 176 x 220 and 240 x 320, but the actual resolution varies slightly in every mobile phone.
The variations in browsers are a major problem in mobile website designing. As the browsers varies greatly in abilities and features. Smart phones like iPhone and others are smart phones running Google and Android have fully functional web browsers like we have in our computers.
Mark-up Options for Mobile Phones
Mainly there are only two types of mark-up for mobile phones. They are WML and XHTML or XHTML-MP. WML mark-up is used in the older versions or less featured mobile phones whereas the XHTML or XHTML-MP is used for the modern and fully featured smart phones. But while creating XHTML or XHTML-MP be careful and use only valid mark-up as mobile phones are not lenient as the traditional browsers are.
What information should be included in Mobile website
While designing a website for mobile which information to be shared is one of the most important factors needed to be thought about. Browsing web on mobile is very difficult. Even it is difficult to brows web on iPhone and the Android phones, even though they have made great progress in web usability, it still consumes a lot of time to browse the web on them. So keep this in mind and share the useful information only on the mobile websites.
Adding a Mobile Version Website
There are many ways to add a mobile version website. One of them is that you can create a domain or sub domain in your primary domain of the website and you can add your website for mobile phones that you have designed.
Testing your Mobile Website
It is very difficult to test a mobile website. If you are interested in purchasing dozens of mobile phones, then also you will have limited options for testing the codes and to see how they work on mobile devices. To make it easy there are online emulators that will show you how your website will look like on that specific mobile phones. And thus these devices will help you know how your website will look and work on mobile phones.